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Job Specification



N.J.S.A. 40A: 9-117a


Under direction, performs one or more functions in the following areas:  
maintaining order and security in the courtroom, serving court processes, 
criminal identification, ballistics, investigations, apprehension of violators 
of the law; forensics and other related assignments which may include 
Emergency Management.  As required by the operational needs of the 
jurisdiction (County), may be assigned to perform other law enforcement 
or public safety related duties outside the parameters of a courtroom 
environment, which may include criminal investigations, patrol duties, 
dispute intervention/resolution, public safety/service assistance, traffic 
control and enforcement, motor vehicle accidents, etc., and/or other 
assignments as determined by the appointing authority. 

NOTE: The examples of work for this title are for illustrative purposes only. 
A particular position using this title may not perform all duties listed in this 
job specification. Conversely, all duties performed on the job may not be listed. 



Makes arrangements for the sequestering of juries such as arranging for 
their lodging, food, and general welfare during trials.

Notifies and/or serves  subpoenas witnesses and victims of crime before 
scheduled court hearings to ensure their availability to testify.

Executes bench warrants when issued by the court in the failure of a 
witness who has been subpoenaed to appear in court and who has 
failed to obey said subpoena.

Guards prisoners in a courtroom and subdues, restrains, and physically 
removes unruly individuals from a courtroom.

Performs the office and field work necessary to serve and execute writs 
and other legal papers and documents such as court orders, summonses, 
subpoenas, writs of attachment, writs of replevin, writs of arrest and 
indictment, and such other documents directed to the Sheriff.

Executes writs requiring the detention of chattels or goods as directed 
by the court.

Executes complaints directed by the Court.

Collects monies to satisfy legal debts as ordered by the court.

Posts notices of public sales, records daily writs, papers and documents 
processed, served, and executed.

Serves warrants.


Prepares to testify in court or grand jury by collecting documents, reports 
and other evidence related to the case, reading all reports and notes, and 
talking with other officers, supervisors, attorneys, and witnesses, in order 
to ensure accuracy and effectiveness of testimony.

Testifies in court or grand jury proceedings by presenting facts and/or 
evidence related to the case and by answering attorney's and judge's 
questions in order to help insure the proper disposition of the case.


Inspects and/or operates devices (lights, brakes, steering, tires, etc.), 
of vehicles involved in accidents to determine if their operating condition 
contributed to the cause of the accident.

At the scene of a motor vehicle accident, interviews operators, occupants, 
and witnesses in order to help determine how, when, and why the accident 

Explains procedures that motor vehicle operators should follow concerning 
insurance claims and filing accident forms.

Evaluates statements, facts, and evidence gathered at a motor vehicle 
accident scene in order to determine if a summons should be issued.

Summons ambulance, wrecker, or other emergency equipment needed 
at an accident scene.

Ensures accident scene is safe from disturbance.

May assist in removing dead or injured from wrecked and/or overturned 
vehicles by manually lifting them.

May transport motor vehicle accident victims to the hospital when no 
other emergency vehicle is available.

Measures the distance from the accident vehicles and markings made 
by the vehicles to fixed points to determine the exact location, and 
possible cause of the accident. 

Sketches a rough diagram of the accident scene, showing movement 
of vehicles and pedestrians before and after impact and location of 
physical evidence in order to record this information for future investigation. 

Completes accident report forms in order to officially record the results 
of the investigation and to provide information to all parties involved.  

Transports blood or urine samples of motor vehicle operators to police 
labs in cases of suspicious auto accidents in order to obtain evidence 
as to whether the operator was driving under the influence of drugs or 


Drives patrol car in an unspecified pattern and at varying speeds in 
order to increase police visibility and to discourage traffic violations 
and other such occurrences.

Operates radar equipment in patrol unit in order to apprehend traffic 
violators and/or criminals.

Pursues detected traffic violators and/or criminals, according to legal 

Interviews or interrogates motor vehicle operators, and/or witnesses, 
pedestrians, other vehicle occupants as appropriate.  

Evaluates statements, facts, and evidence to determine if a traffic 
summons should be issued as a result of an operator's actions.

Warns motor vehicle operators of observed traffic violations by orally 
informing them of their actions and explaining related provisions of 
the motor vehicle code, in order to discourage future violations.

Issues traffic summons to observed traffic violators, and explain the 
violation and procedure for compliance, in order to enforce traffic 

Observes behavior and administers appropriate test(s) to suspected 
violators in order to determine whether they are under the influence 
of drugs, narcotics, or alcohol.


Interviews persons for physical descriptions and information for 
recording on fingerprint cards, criminal records, alias cards, and 
other required records.

May take, analyze, index, classify and file fingerprints and other 
information for investigative purposes and/or processing purposes.

Takes and processes photographs, makes video recordings with 
or without audio, photocopies records, documents and the like.

Take photographs of crimes; searches for and lifts latent prints.

Fingerprints dead and partially decomposed bodies for identification 

May assist with the exchange of information between federal, state, 
county, and municipal law enforcement authorities by receiving, 
transmitting, and preparing records and reports, using a variety of 
communication techniques and equipment.

Enters, retrieves, and provides information about persons and vehicles 
to law enforcement agencies via a computer terminal.

Testifies in court as a subject matter expert.

May take the lead over clerical or other personnel assigned to an 
identification unit.

Maintains investigative files.  

May examine bullets, bullet fragments, cartridge clips, and other evidence 
to determine make and caliber of weapon.

Test fires weapons in evidence and compares test bullet with that found 
at the scene of crime.

Conducts test firings to ascertain effect of bullet on material hit or the 
depth of penetration.  

Makes microscopic examination of bullets for comparison purposes. 

Traces ownership of guns.

Attempts to restore obliterated serial numbers.

Repairs defective guns when necessary to test.

Writes reports on tests made.

Maintains records and files.

May operate a motor vehicle for transporting prisoners or other official 

Is responsible for the care, custody, and security of prisoners.

Makes certain that prisoners are properly manacled or otherwise 

Locates and apprehends violators of the law.

Conducts investigations of suspected criminal activities and prepares 
reports of same.

Participates in raids.

May operate or serve as crew member on a boat, other vessel or aircraft 
engaged in patrol, law enforcement, emergency management, search 
and rescue or other official purposes.

May ride a horse or motorized type vehicle in performance of duties.

Conducts special and regular investigations as assigned.

Prepares property report on items to be used as evidence in order 
to document its existence, characteristics, and availability.

Prepares investigative reports, or supplements for each phase of 
an investigation in order to provide an official running record of the 

Completes request for examination of evidence forms, including a 
narrative description of the crime and a checklist of evidence in order 
to insure a thorough analysis of the evidence.

Collects and preserves evidence and/or various substances and materials.

Conducts classes and lectures on such matters as the use and abuse of 
dangerous drugs such as narcotics, forensic topics, or other office functions.

Gives talks before various groups on a variety of law enforcement matters.

On assignment, may work with a task force which may require undercover 

Pursues individuals attempting to avoid apprehension.

May assist in the control of crowds at various gatherings or in civil 
disorder control.

Provides security to persons and/or property at public functions and/or 
other facilities.

Moves equipment associated with riot control such as tear gas generator, 
barricades, weapons, ammunition, and so forth, and other materials and 

Operates a variety of communication equipment to provide continuity in 
communications and proper flow of information between law enforcement 
and public safety agencies.

Directs flow of vehicular traffic.

Conducts crime scene searches for physical evidence.

May conduct search and rescue operations using trained dogs and/or 
other methods and equipment.

May investigate all areas involving explosives.

May become certified as a bomb technician through a Federal Agency.

May require to be capable of taking x-rays, processing evidence, 
interpreting x-rays, knowledge of electrical components, and using 
equipment to defuse an improvised explosive device, or any other 
explosive element.  

May become knowledgeable with all activities involving being a bomb 

May become knowledgeable involving all areas involving terrorists both 
international and domestic.

May serve on a Federal Task force

May serve as a member of a  working group on a Federal, State, County, 
or local public safety issues.

May be involved in a Federal, State, County, or Local Special Weapons 
and Tactics (SWAT), Sheriff's Emergency Response Team (SERT), Office 
of Emergency Management, Hazmat Technician, Weapons of Mass 
Destruction Technician, or related group.

May be involved in all areas of training that will allow for this task to 
be completed.  


In accord with state statutes, may apprehend or arrest suspected 

Restrains individuals who make or attempt an attack, assault, or an 
aggressive act against the judge, court personnel, or litigants, and other 
parties in a courtroom and adjacent areas.

May train and handle dogs used in gaining information concerning a crime, 
tracking criminal suspects, searching for missing or lost individuals, 
searching buildings, controlling crowds to prevent death or injury, affecting 
the arrest or preventing the escape of suspected criminals, locating and 
detecting evidence, explosives, or accelerants.

Apprehends and subdues suspects by chasing them on foot, or in patrol 
car or other means and by using physical force and applying handcuffs, if 
necessary, in order to take suspect into custody and to prevent injury to the 
investigator or others.

Searches the body and clothing of suspects for possible weapons, using 
visual and physical means in order to insure the safety of the investigator 
and others.

Transports arrested persons to headquarters, or detention facility, using 
handcuffs and other security measures necessary in order to book them 
according to proper procedures.

Advises parents of juvenile offenders in custody of procedures relative to 
the case in order to insure that parents understand their responsibilities.

Refers juvenile cases to the Youth Officer (juvenile department) by 
submitting known details in order to have the case handled by appropriately 
trained personnel.

Reads "Constitutional Rights" to suspect and obtains signature from suspect 
on the written statement of the rights in order to effect a lawful arrest.

Identifies suspect by inspecting his driver's license or similar document(s) 
in order to assist in determining if suspect has a prior arrest on record.

Completes reports necessary to substantiate an arrest by printing, or typing 
all required information (including a narrative description) on appropriate forms 
in order to document an arrest.

Contacts appropriate court authority by telephone in order to determine the 
amount of bail or bond required to release the accused.

Transports arrested persons according to appropriate criminal code
(juvenile, adult, female, etc.) in order to situate detained parties at 
required locations.


Attends roll call in proper uniform.

Inspects, maintains and inventories patrol car and assigned equipment.

Maintains issued uniform and weapons.


Physically intervenes in a dispute or altercation in order to gain control 
of the situation and maintain order.

Attempts to calm parties involved in a dispute or altercation.  Discusses 
possible solutions with parties involved in a dispute by referring parties 
to appropriate services and explaining legal recourse, in order to fully 
resolve the dispute or prevent its recurrence.


May train new officers.

Patrols throughout assigned area and records patrol activities.

Accepts and responds to calls for service.

Maintains radio communications with communications center.

Assesses situations by utilizing information in order to make decisions 
concerning choice of actions and equipment.

Issues summonses properly.

Facilitates the remediation of miscellaneous hazardous conditions.

Questions suspicious people following legal guidelines

Attempts to disarm threatening persons.

Secures the scene of a crime or emergency.


Promotes good will by talking with people.

Assists in evacuation of buildings and/or other areas.

May be required to administer the appropriate first aid treatment.

Provides assistance to operators of disabled vehicles. 

Blocks suicide attempts.


Processes incoming calls by listening to caller and identifying important 
information, determining what action to take (i.e., dispatching a patrol car 
to investigate, or referring caller to another agency) and initiating this action 
in order to ensure  an appropriate response.

Dispatches patrol cars via radio by selecting and contacting available units 
and by transmitting the location and nature of problem to the selected cars 
in order to respond to incoming calls, or to provide support for primary units.

Maintains log of all incoming calls and radio transmissions by recording 
information (i.e., time call is received, unit dispatched, unit arrives, unit 
leaves, and location and nature of emergency) on appropriate forms in 
order to provide documentation of activities.

Operates computer terminal by entering or reading information on screen 
in order to transmit, or to receive data from N.C.I.C, S.C.I.C., or other 
central information source.

Guards prisoners and arrested persons by appropriately positioning self 
in relation to prisoners, and by using handcuffs when necessary in order 
to prevent escape and to protect the prisoners from harm.

Makes a check of jailed prisoners by touring the facility at regular time 
intervals, and by making a notation on each cell sheet in order to account 
for the presence and safety of all prisoners.

Will be required to learn to utilize various types of electronic and/or 
manual recording and information systems used by the agency, office 
or related units



High School Diploma or equivalent.


Minimum of eighteen (18) years of age.


United States citizenship.

NOTE:  At the time of appointment, applicants for this position must 
submit acceptable proof of meeting the indicated requirements.


Appointees will be required to successfully complete an accredited 
training program mandated by the New Jersey Police Training 
Commission within 18 months of appointment. Such training includes 
successful attainment of a satisfactory level of proficiency in the use 
of firearms.  Appointees to this position must successfully qualify 
semi-annually in the use of firearms.

NOTE:  Appointees to this title may be required to work various shifts,
variable hours to include weekends and/or holidays.

NOTE:  Appointee to positions in SWAT, SERT or related units must 
additionally qualify with special weapons in conformance with the 
Attorney General Guidelines.


As a prerequisite for appointment, appointees may be required to pass 
a thorough medical and psychological examination to be administered 
by the appointing authority. Any psychological, medical, or physical 
condition or defect which would prevent efficient performance of the duties
of the position, cause the appointee to be a hazard to himself/herself or 
others, or become aggravated as a result of performance of these duties 
will be cause for rejection.  Appointees may be required to undergo a 
psychiatric examination prior to appointment.  Failure to demonstrate 
sufficient capacity to perform the duties of this position may be cause for 


Appointees must possess a driver's license valid in New Jersey. 

Appointees may also be required to possess a valid Commercial Driver's 
License (CDL) and applicable endorsements for the class and type of 
vehicle being operated.

NOTE:  The responsibility for ensuring that employees possess the 
required motor vehicle license, commensurate with the class and type 
of vehicles they operate, rests with the Appointing Authority.

Appointees may be required to possess the following:
A valid Motor Boat Operator's license issued by New Jersey Motor Vehicle 


A valid Boating Safety Certificate issued by the New Jersey State Police

NOTE:  An Operator of Uninspected Passenger Vessels License or a 
Master's License issued by the United States Coast Guard, currently 
valid for the type and size vessel being operated, may be substituted 
for the Boating Safety Certificate.


Knowledge of court practices and procedures, and of the techniques  
which would be useful in maintaining order and security in the courtroom 
after a period of training.

Knowledge of the methods likely to be effective in dealing with varied 
types of persons after a period of training.

Knowledge of human behavior after a period of training.

Knowledge of the laws, regulations, standards, policies, techniques, and
procedures used in serving legal papers and documents and in conducting 
criminal investigations and executing warrants after a period of training.

Knowledge of the methods involved in taking and classifying fingerprints 
of persons for identification purposes after a period of training.

Knowledge of interviewing and photographing persons for investigations 
and identifications after a period of training.

Knowledge of the procedures used in ballistic testing and of the proper 
methods and procedures for gathering and preserving evidence after a 
period of training.

Ability to understand, remember, and carry out oral and written directions.

Ability to learn quickly from observation, oral and written explanations, 
and from demonstrations.

Ability to take and maintain a firm and correct stand when controversial 
matters arise.

Ability to work harmoniously with associates and the public.

Ability to perform varied investigation work.

Ability to serve warrants and processes.

Ability to maintain custody of prisoners.

Ability to make home visits under varying conditions and to talk to varied 
types of persons.

Ability to analyze identification problems.

Ability to prepare reports and keep records.

Ability to note significant conditions, and take the proper action in accord 
with prescribed procedures.

Ability to physically subdue and restrain violent individuals.

Ability to lift and move heavy objects.

Ability to run up and/or down stairs under stressful conditions, and to run 
short sprints and long distances in a minimum amount of time.

Ability to pursue individuals on foot and climb obstacles.

Ability to utilize various types of electronic and/or manual recording and 
information systems used by the agency, office, or related units.

Ability to read, write, speak, understand, and communicate in English 
sufficiently to perform the duties of this position.  American Sign Language 
or Braille may also be considered as acceptable forms of communication.

Persons with mental or physical disabilities are eligible as long as they 
can perform essential functions of the job with or without reasonable 
accommodation.  If the accommodation cannot be made because it 
would cause the employer undue hardship, such persons may not 
be eligible.

This job specification is applicable to the following title code:
Local or
Class of
07270LU N/A01-

This job specification is for local government use only.
Salary range is only applicable to state government.
Local salaries are established by individual local jurisdictions.